my . artist run website  

MODULE 5:RESEARCH

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

By

Susan Harmon

 

 Liu Penghui ; Chen Zhiwei ; Zhang Xu ; Zhao Jian Guang. 

 

Theoretical research on theTeaching models of PE distances

 

education.  Is Part Of 2011 IEEE InternationalSymposium on IT in

 

Medicine and Education, Dec. 2011, Vol.1, pp.456-459.

 

 

 

The research in this article included a detailed study of Physical

 

Education courses (PE) in China, that could be taught in an on line

 

environment as a way to introduce and promote the effectiveness of

 

a new model for teaching PE classes. Analysis and comparisons

 

between the typical face to face way we teach PE classes and the

 

newer way that PE classes are taught in a distance learning setting

 

are provided through documents. The advantages and

 

disadvantaged are clearly presented and a new model for teaching

 

PE in an online classroom is presented. The authors of this article

 

are professors in major universities in China and in various

 

academic departments such as PE, Transportation and Foreign

 

languages. Due to the expanding interest in students’ (non

 

traditional and traditional) to take and have a strong interest in PE

 

classes, as it is that Face to face traditional PE courses cannot offer

 

enough options and reach students in “all walks of life”. Through

 

surveys, analyzing documents and even interviewing experts in this

 

field, these authors concluded that distance learning in PE

 

education needs to change the current PE teaching curriculum and

 

adapt it to fit online teaching environment, utilizing internet

 

technologies and systems. This research article was especially

 

interesting to me because I have taken an online PE course and I do

 

agree with the conclusions that methods of teaching PE in an

 

online environment needs to be changed and improved and there

 

definitely is a new strong interest in the current population to take

 

online PE classes, especially with a stronger emphasis in living a

 

healthier life style.

 

 

Yuen Yee Wong, Jing Zeng and Chun Kit Ho. Trends in open and

 

distance learning research: 2005 vs 2015, Asian Association of Open

 

Universities Journal, Vol. 11 Issue: 2,

 

Pp.216-227, https://doi.org/10.1108/AAOUJ-09-2016-0035.

 

 

This article involves a study by Zawacki-Richter et al. (2009) who

 

studied 288 articles that had been published in 7 important ODL,

 

(Open and Distance Learning )journals in the years 2005 and 2015.

 

They found that the research that had been done involved a serious

 

lack of both theoretical and methodological coverage and very

 

weak. The article begins by discussing the 4 criteria used in

 

choosing the journals to read and then continues to discuss the

 

coding procedures and the variables used. Two raters were used to

 

decide if the articles were empirical or non empirical. The

 

conclusive results were that Micro level research in Instruction

 

design did dominate. This article compares the research areas and

 

methods and type of participants and says that macro level distance

 

education systems and theories research on global and cultural

 

areas of distance learning is weak and not much international

 

collaborating has been going on. The article shows that quantitative

 

research has truly become the more important method used in 2015

 

versus 2005 and many key terms have changed in the year 2015. 

 

The changes that happened were especially noticed in the tools used

 

in distance education.Top of Form  This research only looked at

 

comparing the beginning and then the end of a ten year period,

 

2005 and 2015 and not the changes in the years in between.  More

 

variables used could have given a deeper understanding of the

 

research. The article does give ODL. Researchers some insightful

 

ways to develop their own research in an effective way and that

 

would possibly make their research more accepted. Also the article

 

talks about the types of research that is more likely to be accepted

 

to publications so that is helpful for researchers in this area.

 

 

Olaf Zawacki-Richter. Research Areas in Distance Education: A

 

Delphi Study. June –2009, International Review of Research in

 

Open and Distance Learning Volume 10,Number 3. ISSN: 1492-

 

3831. Fern Universität in Hagen, Germany.

 

 

 In this research article, the participants (experts) were selected

 

according to very specific criteria and were asked to list 10 research

 

areas of interest to them in distance education. The author used  

 

a literature review on each topic and a qualitative analysis from the

 

responses to draw the conclusions that were made. Classifications

 

were made according to three categories:

 

1. Distance education systems and theories;

2. Management, organization, and technology;

3. Teaching and learning in distance education.

 

 This study intended to identify the most important and the

 

weakest  areas of research in distance education and to develop a

 

research categorization of distance education. They drew their

 

conclusions from a literature review and a Delphi study to provide

 

prospective researchers results so they can then identify priority

 

areas needed to research. It does appear, that in conclusion, there

 

are still issues referring to the access of the role especially in

 

developing areas and student support services and in technologies

 

which are still very important and that the field has been

 

dominated by strong research in the area of technology and

 

interactivity through the new developed media but that these areas

 

still need to be continued to be researched. Due to the increase of

 

the global education now researchers need to continue to target

 

people who use distance learning to learnThis research article has

 

its limitations; first of all it was limited to English speaking

 

participants and, of course, they had to have internet connections

 

so the results may not be applicable to non English speaking people

 

or where there is no access to the internet.

 

 

 

Report of the trends for research  in

  • Distance education;
  • Distance Education Systems and
  • Online Course Research .
  • (add word count at the end of the page )

Summarize and post the current research on distance education, distance education systems and online course research on website/wiki within 500-800 words.

 

 

 

 

 

Research on DL, Digital Learning, will help to take away limits that we may have within our classroom and provide us the freedom to develop quality education anytime and anywhere. Research results will only empower us as educators to overcome our most difficult challenges in teaching online. Research in distance education systems, multimedia design and tools is extremely important in makeing the best online courses we can because developing and utilizing the right digital platform will only help personalize our lesson plans and student involvement through use of more interesting tools and ways to monitor student progress and involvement. Research in Pedagogy and teacher contributions is very important so that we can measure student progress and involvement and organize lesson plans better, thus we can target student performance and teachers can focus on student strengths and weaknesses to maximize learning. It is vital to keep students engaged and interested so research is vital to helping us to continue to improve our teaching materials and methods and helps u s assess the concepts, students retain and then those the students do struggle to understand so we can better our classrooms online. In traditional classrooms, it can be difficult to foster group discussions and even question and answer techniques in large groups as students can more easily get distracted and of course teachers struggle to maintain individual contact but due to research in DL, we are now able to improve on these problems by utilizing the devises students already are using, smart phones, tablets etc and thus engage them in more sophisticated tasks which will help with developing critical thinking. Research has concluded that there really are no important differences between the achievements of students in both face to face classrooms and in the online environment and the attitudes of face to face learners versus DL are not as favorable as online students who seem be more motivated internally,however that being said, it does seem that it is more difficult to create successful group interactions online but not impossible. The tools used in an online classroom are extremely important and crucial to the success of the student and the course being offered. The research definitely points out that online education is effective and will only become more popular as we develop,research and utilize better tools in our online courses. However, research seems to be weak in the area of studying certain age groups like k-12 and needs to place more focus on studying the emotional states of the online learner and to improve studies on creating best practices in online learning.

 

Word count is 600

 

  • Research in distance education
  • Distance education systems
  • Online course research
  • Teacher’s perceptions
  • Teachers contributes
  • Pedagogy
  • Multimedia design
  • cognition

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3OAAf2Eo1Gs